What is Mange?
Mange is a kind of skin disease, found in animals and is caused by parasitic mites. The effect of mange can be seen on animals, birds, reptiles, and even plants. Mange is characterized by hair loss, severe itching, and the formation of scabs and abrasions on the skin.
Mange in dogs is known as Sarcoptic mange or canine scabies, which are caused by oval, light-coloured microscopic parasites. All dogs are raised generally with demodectic mange mites, which they get while cuddling with their mother during the first few years of their life. Most dogs live in concord with these mites, without suffering from any problem.
There are two types of mange that can be seen in dogs, demodectic and Sarcoptic. The result of mange can be observed in dogs in the form of scaly bald patches, itching, etc.
Symptoms of Mange
The symptoms of mange depend upon the kind of mites, present in the dog. The demodectic mange can cause bald spots, scabs, sores, and hair loss. The bacterial infections can make demodectic mange more uncomfortable and itchy disease.
Sarcoptic mange generally causes intense itching, which causes restlessness and anxiety. It also causes hair loss, skin redness, and sores. The commonly targeted areas of mange in dogs are face, legs, elbow, and ear. However, it spreads rapidly to the entire body.
Demodectic mange cannot be transmitted to human beings, but sarcoptic mange can cause red bumps on the skin of humans, similar to that of mosquito bite.
How to Treat Mange in Dogs at Home?
The home treatment of mange depends upon the breed of the dog and the type of mange; they have developed. The medication can be given orally or via injection, dips and mange shampoos.
There are certain things that should be followed while treating your dog with the help of home remedies. Firstly, it must be acknowledged whether the dog has developed demodectic mange or sarcoptic mange. In case of sarcoptic mange, the dog should be kept isolated so that the disease does not spread to other pets and human beings. The veterinary doctor may prescribe some anti-parasitic medicines for the dog to ease its itching and inflammation, the results of which can be seen after a month’s treatment.
For treating demodectic mange, besides proper medication, it is also necessary to manage physiological stress. Some infected dogs with demodectic mange require special treatments, like medicated shampoos, to prevent further skin infections. The puppies and younger dogs often get fully recovered with this disease, but, adult dogs require long-term therapy to control the disease. The treatment must be accompanied by skin scraping after every two weeks. After two consecutive scrapes, the medication is discontinued. The final scrape should be performed after a month’s treatment to ensure that the disease does not re-occur.
Home Remedies for Mange Mites on Dogs
Besides appropriate medication, certain home remedies can also be applied on puppies and dogs to provide them relief from soreness and uneasiness of mange.
1. Hydrogen Peroxide and Borax
Mixture of 1% hydrogen peroxide solution in borax powder and water is an effective home remedy for mange cure. Make sure that the mixture is thoroughly dissolved before applying it to your dog. Wash your dog once in a week with this solution, but remember not to wipe dry. If you will wipe the dog dry, the treatment will not show proper effect. Continue with this treatment for at least two weeks.
Note- Borax can make your dog sick if he ingests it, so use an E-collar to prevent the dog from licking it.
Honey is again an excellent remedy for treating mange mites on dogs and puppies. Honey can be applied directly to the skin of the animal, but remember to wipe it off by night; otherwise, the skin of the dog will be bitten by ants.
Apply two tablespoons of pure yogurt to the ears of the dog to deal with the problem of crusting and discharge due to mange.
4. Cooking Oil
Direct application of a few drops of cooking oil is an effective measure to address the problem of itching and irritation on the skin of the dog. This alleviates the waxy deposits on the skin of the dog and kills the mites, as well.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar
A tablespoon of unpasteurized apple vinegar cider (ACV) in the pet’s meal is a powerful cure to treat dogs, suffering with the problem of mange mites.
6. Soapy Water
Use mild soap solution on the skin of your dog as the alkaline nature of the soap prevents the spread of mange mites and kills them, as well.
Slice a lemon (with a peel) and boil it in water. Soak it overnight. Rub it off with the sponge in the morning. The application of this solution on the pet’s skin will make the skin glossy, besides treating it with mange.
10. Yellow Dock, Aloe Vera or Calendula Tea
The application of tea of any of these herbs will kill the parasites on the skin of the dog and heal the wound rapidly. It can be applied several times a day.
12. Neem Oil
Neem oil is also an effective home remedy to cure mange in dogs and puppies.
13. Lemon-Garlic Rinse
Make a mixture of 30-40 chopped cloves of garlic with six or more lemon skins and one whole chopped lemon. Add about four liters of water and bring it to boil. When the solution cools, apply it liberally on the skin of the dog. Use it daily for ten days.
Homeopathic Remedies for Curing Mange in Dogs
Homeopathic remedies also work in a natural manner for treating this troublesome condition in dogs and puppies.
Psorinum : It is used for the treatment of mange and as a prophylactic as well.
Sulphur : This remedy is used in ascending potencies.
Tellurium : It is recommended when lesions appear on both sides of the body.
Arsenicum alb : It is used for severe restlessness and itching, which gets worse at night.
Mezereum : It is an excellent remedy for pustular lesions on the face and head.
Defendex All-Natural Flea, Tick and Mange Shampoo : It’s a homeopathic shampoo prevents infestations of mange, fleas and ticks.
Preventive Measures for Mange
- The diet of the dog should be proper and must include a high dosage of vitamin C, vitamin A, lecithin, zinc, vitamin E and B complex.
- Canned, packaged and milk products must be avoided.
- Wash the dog’s bedding frequently.
- Keep your pet clean by giving it a regular bath.
- Brush and comb your pet to free it from mange. Brushing of the fur daily gives an excellent scrape to the dog, which helps in the removal of scabs and scaly skin.
- Don’t allow your dog near another infected pet.